The Montessori Approach
The Montessori approach to education differs from a traditional educational system in a number of areas:
The Montessori Model
|Model whole child approach: values cognitive, emotional, physical, and social development.||Emphasis on acquisition of knowledge.|
|Teacher is facilitator and guide; child is an active participant.||Teacher’s role is dominant; child is passive participant.|
|Teacher uses individual and small group instruction; personalizes instruction to meet individual student needs.||Teacher uses mainly group instruction designed to meet the needs of the majority of the students.|
|Child sets own learning pace.||Teacher sets instruction pace for the group.|
|Mixed age grouping.||Same age grouping.|
|Children are encouraged to help, work with, and teach each other.||Most teaching done by the teacher; collaboration is limited and controlled by the teacher.|
|Children have choices within the classroom and are given “freedom within limits”:
||Teacher makes most of the decisions in the classroom:
|Discipline is designed to develop children who are self-correcting.
||Discipline is designed to control the behavior of children.